Any good research follows the bioethics principles discussed before in the topic number 3 – Basic principles of ethics (justice, non-maleficence, beneficence and autonomy). The ethics must be the basis of researches in any area of knowledge. It is more important and necessary in the health area, which deals with human beings. There is a need for the researcher to take care of his/her behavior, always “seeking an attitude of respect with the study participants and the society”.
To regulate the relationship between ethics in research and human beings, in Brazil, it was established, two decades ago, the Resolution 196/96 of the National Health Council (CNS). This was, later, replaced by the Resolution 466/2012, which “intended to improve the regulation of researches involving human beings, ensuring the rights and obligations concerning the research participant and, therefore, the researcher”. These resolutions establish the Brazilian system of Ethical review – the CEP-CONEP system, compound by the Research Ethics Committee (CEP) and the National Research Ethics Commission (CONEP).
In Brazil, we have two documents that guarantee the ethics principles in research. They are: the Report of the Committee of Research Integrity of the National Research Council (CNPq), which deals with the problem of “integrity in research, proposing, firstly, preventive and pedagogical actions that can create a culture of academic honesty”; and one from the Higher Education Personnel’s Improvement Coordination (Capes), an institution responsible for monitor and supervise the projects and their implementation, beyond other things. This institution published a document in 2011 with guidelines to fight plagiarism.
One study developed at Maceió, Brazil, discussed the perception of Physiotherapy students about ethics and research. 120 students from the first semester and 14 from the tenth semester completed a questionnaire about ethics concept, ethical precepts of research with human beings and research ethics committee. It was notable that the knowledge about the theme was better among the students in the end of the course than among the students in the first semester. It can be correlated with the fact that the discipline of bioethics and deontology was available only in the second semester and the students from the 10th semester had to develop a Course Conclusion Work, which involved research with human beings. Therefore, it had to respect bioethics principles and provisions of Resolution CNS 466/2012.
The results of this article prove the importance of the discipline of bioethics and deontology in the health care courses, here demonstrated in the Physiotherapy course. The discussion related to ethics applied to research and practice must be intense at universities, pursuing the training of professionals with critical sense and humane eye.
Vanessa Carvalho and Carilane Barreto. Ethics in research about the perception of physiotherapy students. Available at: http://www.revista.ufpe.br/revistaenfermagem/index.php/revista/article/view/9481/pdf_10296.