Research in Physiotherapy should aim at social relevance for both the researcher and study participants and should guarantee the bioethical principles of justice, beneficence, non-maleficence and autonomy. To that end, the participation of individuals should be freely and explicitly consented, that is, the research protocols should be clearly explained, such as the parameters of the instruments and resources used, and the direct and indirect benefits and risks involved in the study . And the probability of errors and risks must be estimated in order to avoid damages to the participants and guarantee the principle of non-maleficence¹. These criteria are recommended by the National Health Council standard 196 which also defines the submission of the research project to the institution’s ethics council to confer the above criteria and authorization to carry out the study².
One point that I consider important in research in Physical Therapy is to ensure the equity of the subjects regarding their benefits when it includes the placebo control group. Many studies evaluate the effectiveness of a treatment or compare treatments, and for this, some participants are allocated to these groups and do not benefit from the study during their completion. But this can be solved by offering the treatment after the conclusion of the research using the same protocol and resources used in the other participants, ensuring that there is no exploitation of the subject for the benefit of the researcher alone.
1.Macagnan Fabrício Edler,Ética: teoria e prática : uma visão multidisciplinar- Ética em Pesquisas de Fisioterapia, EDIPUCRS, 2006.
2.Silva E. et al., A IMPORTÂNCIA DA PESQUISA CIENTÍFICA PARA O PROFISSIONAL FISIOTERAPEUTA, acesso em: http://www.business.org.br/business/paginas/clientes/ceasc/artigos/A%20IMPORT%C3%82NCIA%20DA%20PESQUISA%20CIENT%C3%8DFICA%20PARA%20O%20PROFISSIONAL%20FISIOTERAPEUTA.pdf