There may three category of ethical principle’s……
- Informed consent
It is important that those participating in the research understand its aims and objectives and that informed consent is given, for research that is carried out with children or vulnerable adults, it is essential to acquire informed consent from a parent, guardian or responsible adult
Confidentiality needs to be considered – how will confidentiality be maintained? is it always appropriate and applicable (i.e. criminal activities, if someone is in harm…etc)
- Avoid harm and do good
Ethics can go so far as to suggest that research needs not only avoid harm, but to ensure that its purpose is to do good…how might this impact on the methodology of the research? and the impartiality?
Health Care Ethics
In this rapidly changing world, health care professionals face multiple challenges encircling ethical dilemmas. There is often a conflict between the health care professionals and patients regarding the best choice. The Physiotherapist is often the person who acts as an advocate and resource to the patient. One of the best tools which health care professionals especially nurses rely upon in these challenging situations is the ethical decision making process. The four principles of health care ethics namely (Autonomy, Beneficence, non-maleficence, and justice) presented by (Beauchamp and Childress, 2001). provide us a direction to estimate the significance of the ethical decision in clinical setting. It is important to note here that the application of these ethical principles may vary according to the situation. It also depends on the laws governing to the principle and the conditions applied.