Ethics principles

Ethics principles recognize four basic moral principles, which are to be judged and weighed against each other, with attention given to the scope of their application. The four principles are:

  • Beneficence- to do good.
  • Non-maleficence – to do no harm.
  • Respect for Autonomy.
  • Fairness.
  • Truthfulness.
  • Justice.
  • Respect for autonomy patients has the right to refuse or choose their treatment. (Voluntas aegroti suprema lex.)
  • Beneficence – a practitioner should act in the best interest of the patient. (Salus aegroti suprema lex.)
  • Non-maleficence – to not be the cause of harm. Also, “Utility” – to promote more good than harm
  • Justice runs the distribution of scarce health resources, and the decision of who gets what treatment (fairness and equality). (Iustitia.)

Other values that are sometimes discussed include:

  • Respect for person the person treating the patient) have the right to be treated with dignity.
  • Truthfulness and honesty concept of informed consentn importance since the historical events of the doctors trailberg trials.

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