Ethics principles recognize four basic moral principles, which are to be judged and weighed against each other, with attention given to the scope of their application. The four principles are:
- Beneficence- to do good.
- Non-maleficence – to do no harm.
- Respect for Autonomy.
- Respect for autonomy patients has the right to refuse or choose their treatment. (Voluntas aegroti suprema lex.)
- Beneficence – a practitioner should act in the best interest of the patient. (Salus aegroti suprema lex.)
- Non-maleficence – to not be the cause of harm. Also, “Utility” – to promote more good than harm
- Justice runs the distribution of scarce health resources, and the decision of who gets what treatment (fairness and equality). (Iustitia.)
Other values that are sometimes discussed include:
- Respect for person the person treating the patient) have the right to be treated with dignity.
- Truthfulness and honesty concept of informed consentn importance since the historical events of the doctors trailberg trials.