Basic principles of ethics

Ethical principles mean..
Pertaining to or dealing with morals or the principles of morality; pertaining to right and wrong in conduct.  being in accordance with the rules or standards for right conduct or practice, especially the standards of a profession. It was not considered ethical for physicians to advertise.
Some common ethical principles include honesty, equality, respect for rights, integrity and adherence to the law. While these are all fairly standard ethical principles, their precise applications depend on the setting.
Research ethics rests on the following 3 fundamental principles:
  • Respect for persons.
  • Beneficence.
  • Justice

Four commonly accepted principles of health care ethics, include the:

  • Principle of respect for autonomy,
  • Principle of non maleficence,
  • Principle of beneficence,
  • Principle of justice

Autonomy is Latin for “self-rule” We have an obligation to respect the autonomy of other persons, which is to respect the decisions made by other people concerning their own lives.


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