Abuse—Whatever your situation, you deserve to live without pain and fear. Whether you’re the abused, the abuser, or a concerned friend or family member, it’s important to know that there is help available. By learning about the different types of abuse and what you can do to stop or prevent it, you can make a huge difference in your own or someone else’s life.
Abuse can occur to anyone of any age and gender and from any walk of life. It can take the form of physical battery, emotional bullying, psychological coercion, sexual abuse, or neglect.
Types of Abuse
All types of abuse can cause pain and psychological distress. It is not uncommon for a victim of abuse to experience more than one type of abuse. Someone who was sexually abused may have also experienced concurrent emotional abused, for example. Abuse can occur within any relationship construct, whether familial, professional, or social, and it can also occur between strangers.
Many forms of abuse are in fact abuses of power, in which a person repeatedly attempts to control or manipulate the behavior of another person. Emotional or psychological abuse can include a chronic pattern of criticism, coercion, humiliation, accusation, or threats to one’s physical safety, and childhood neglect is also a form of psychological abuse.
Now a days Physical abuse is the most important issues because its badly effect in the whole world.
Physical abuse may bring immediate harm to someone, but its effects can also be long-lasting. A person who has experienced physical abuse, especially in childhood, may be more likely to experience emotional and psychological difficulties later in life. Those who have survived domestic violence ,an abusive relationship, or other abuse in adulthood may also experience distress related to the effects of abuse long after it has stopped. The support of a therapist or other mental health professionals can often help an individual recover from these effects.
Signs of Physical Abuse
Physical symptoms of abuse might include burns and scalds—especially those that appear in particular or unnatural patterns—bruises, bite marks, frequent fractures or broken bones, chronic injuries, or chronic health concerns. However, the presence of any of these physical signs may not necessarily indicate abuse, especially in children, who can be prone to falls or other accidents that cause injury. When an individual has frequent injuries or bruises, when the injuries appear to have a pattern, or when the explanation of the injury does not fit, then investigation of the situation may be recommended.
Individuals—adults and children—who appear suddenly withdrawn, anxious, or aggressive, or who exhibit any of the following behavioral signs, especially in combination with the physical symptoms listed above, may be experiencing abuse:
- Insomnia, nightmares, or trouble sleeping
- Bed wetting or soiling oneself (in children)
- using drag or alcohol
- Self harming, threatening self-harm
- Suicidal ideation, threatening suicide
- Changes in eating habits, development of an eating disorder
- Clingy behavior, a depressive or low mood
- Obsessive behavior
How Therapy Can Help Treat Effects of Abuse
Survivors of physical abuse may find therapy to be helpful. A mental health professional can help individuals explore feelings of anger, grief, frustration, and fear and address conditions that may have developed as a result of abuse, such as depression, anxiety, and other issues. Support groups for survivors of abuse can be beneficial to some individuals, and play therapy is often recommended for children who have been abused. Role play therapy has also been shown to provide benefit, and when PTSD is present in an individual who has survived abuse, Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) may be recommended, as it has proven to be effective at treating trauma.
Because abuse can have extensive and lasting effects, the therapist will generally focus on isolating and addressing these, helping the person in therapy work through them as that person becomes ready to do so. Therapy following abuse may also help individuals regain a sense of safety and realize the abuse did not occur as a result of any of their actions.
A person who has been the perpetrator of abuse can also receive treatment in therapy. Often counseling will be ordered following jail time or in lieu of jail time, as part of the rehabilitation process. Therapy may be effective at helping some individuals redirect their impulse to resort to violence and thus can help prevent further instances of abuse. However, for therapy to work, the individual generally must truly wish to change, and therapy is not recommended for all individuals who have committed acts of abuse.