Research integrity may be defined as active adherence to the ethical principles and professional values essential for the responsible practice of research.
By active faithfulness we mean adoption of the principles and practices as a personal idea, not simply accepting them as impositions by rule makers.
By ethical principles we mean honesty, the golden rule, trustworthiness, and high regard for the scientific record.
NAS report definition: “For individuals research integrity is an aspect of moral character and experience. It involves above all a commitment to intellectual honesty and personal responsibility for ones actions and to a range of practices that characterize responsible research conduct.” These practices include:
- Honesty and fairness in proposing, performing, and reporting research.
- Accuracy and fairness in representing contributions to research proposals and reports.
- Proficiency and fairness in peer review.
- Collegiality in scientific interactions, communications and sharing of resources.
- Disclosure of conflicts of interest.
- Protection of human subjects in the conduct of research.
- Humane care of animals in the conduct of research.
- Adherence to the mutual responsibilities of mentors and trainees.