When patients’ rights were cited, I was reminded of a topic that has already been addressed in some college classes: obstetric violence.
Obstetric violence is understood to mean any act by health professionals in relation to the body and to the reproductive processes of women, expressed through a dehumanized attention, abuse of interventionist actions, medicalization and transformation pathological processes of physiological parturition (JUAREZ et al., 2012).
The woman and her body have been seen as machines, where the engineer is the a medical professional who holds all the knowledge about her, neglecting information, emotions, feelings, perceptions and rights of the same to gestate and to give birth, being prevented from the presence of a companion, to decide the position they want to have their babies and to express their emotions and feelings, contrary to the National Humanization Policy and changing the focus on the procedure, leaving them more vulnerable to violence, silenced by professionals and by the parturient herself. But the bitter experience and the trauma accompany the woman outside the institution.
The humanization of childbirth care meets the desires of women that the experience of childbirth happens according to their perspectives (DIAS, DOMINGUES, 2005). Therefore, respecting autonomy, individuality and privacy are essential conditions for humanized birth (GONÇALVES et al., 2011).
Here in Belo Horizonte we have heard stories of women who had the worst care during childbirth, who suffered a lot, a way of “hurting” human rights. And on the other hand, we hear cases of women who have had the best experience of motherhood. It is still necessary that the humanization policy be applied in an integral way, both in the private and in the public health network.
ANDRADE, B.P; AGGIO, C.M. Violência obstétrica: a dor que cala. Anais do III SimpósioGênero e Políticas Públicas, ISSN 2177-8248. 2014.