There are four fundamental ethical principles and five major ethical theories.The four fundamental ethical principles are- respect for autonomy, beneficence, justice and non-maleficence . This ethics principles are given below:
- Beneficence – to do good
- Non-maleficence – to do no harm
- Respect for Autonomy- agreement to respect another’s right to self-determine a course of action, support of independent decision making.
The five major ethical theories are deontology, utilitarianism, rights, casuist and virtue. Otherwise there also have some common ethical principles include honesty, equality, respect for rights, integrity and adherence to the law. While these are all fairly standard ethical principles, their precise applications depend on the setting. For instance, the implications and importance of ethical principles vary greatly between medical professions and business environments.
The expression ” ethical principles” refers to those general judgments that serve as a justification for particular ethical prescriptions.