Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings. We are all equally entitled to our human rights without discrimination. These rights are all interrelated, interdependent and indivisible.
Universal human rights are often expressed and guaranteed by law, in the forms of treaties, customary international law, general principles and other sources of international law. International human rights law lays down obligations of Governments to act in certain ways or to refrain from certain acts, in order to promote and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms of individuals or groups.
Rights protected include:
- Recognition and equality before the law
- The right to life;
- Right to Education
- The right not to be subject to torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
- The right not to be subject to medical treatment or experimentation without consent
- The right to privacy and reputation
- Rights of the family and children
- The right to participate in public life
- Freedom of expression
- Freedom of thought, conscience and religious belief
- Rights of minorities to enjoy their culture
- Freedom of movement
- The right to a fair trial and rights in criminal proceedings
- Freedom from forced work.
- Rights of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples