Morality is defined as having and living according to a moral code, or principles of right and wrong. Basic morality condemns murder, adultery, lying and stealing. However, morality evolves with the evolution of society, differing noticeably in different cultures. For instance, whereas one culture finds a man with several wives to be perfectly moral, another culture sees this as immoral and wrong. Time also noticeably affects the idea of morality. Once, women were considered the property of men, which is now considered outdated and immoral.
what are the difference between moral and ethics:
1. Ethics relates to a society whereas morality relates to an individual person.
2. Ethics relate more in a professional life while morals are what individuals follow independently
why be a moral?
Well, judging by people’s behavior, not necessarily. But we also have to be careful not confuse ‘ought’ and ‘is’. People do behave immorally. But they shouldn’t. Everybody knows that – at least in their heart of hearts.
Many people are psychologically inclined to elevate their own self-interest above all else – including morality. For people like that, when morality and self-interest come into head-to-head conflict, morality loses out. But rationally speaking, that’s not how it should be. Rationally speaking, morality should always trump self-interest.
So now we’ve come up with a distinction between two different kinds of reasons: self-regarding or egoistic reasons, and other-regarding or altruistic reasons. Self-regarding reasons are rooted in considerations of naked self-interest. Other-regarding reasons are rooted in our concern for others. Morality may not always give us self-regarding reasons to do what it commands, but it does give us other-regarding reasons to do so. Problem solved.